Understanding the Internet and the Functions, Facilities and Benefits of the Internet

Understanding the Internet and the Functions, Facilities and Benefits of the Internet - Today's internet is transformed into a primary need that is on par with food, clothing, and shelter. Without internet access, it seems someone's life is not really alive. The internet opens the human horizon, as a means of being able to tell people about various things that exist in other cities, other countries, even other continents.

Almost all age groups now also need the internet. Parents are eased to find entertainment for their toddlers using the internet, students and students need the internet to support the teaching-learning process, to office workers who use the internet for business purposes.

To get to know more about the understanding of the internet, existing facilities on the internet, the benefits of the internet, the positive impact of the internet, and the negative impact of the internet, let's consider the review in the following article.

Understanding the Internet


Understanding the internet (interconnection networking) itself is a global communication network that is open and connects millions and even billions of computer networks with various types and types, using communication types such as telephone, satellite and so forth.

Initially the internet was a computer network formed by the United States Department of Defense in 1969 through a project called the ARPANET. The initial mission of this project was originally only for military purposes, but gradually it continued to grow and be enjoyed by all people.

At the beginning of its development, the United States Department of Defense (US Department of Defense) created a network that aims to connect computers in various regions, thus enabling data storage in many places and in the event of war conditions, data owned by America is not easy leak to another place.

The creation of the internet has brought significant changes in various aspects of human life. In addition, the internet has also given birth to a new world that has patterns, patterns and characteristics that are different from the real world.

Facilities Available on the Internet


The internet, which is often referred to as the information universe, presents many facilities that can be enjoyed by its users. Here are some facilities that can be enjoyed by internet users, including:

1. WWW



Understanding the Internet and the Functions, Facilities and Benefits of the Internet

World Wide Web or often abbreviated as WWW is a system found on the internet and is tasked with conducting searches as well as providing fast information using hypertext technology. To create hypertext, a programming language called Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML) was created.

HTML functions to bind WWW addresses or files in a document that usually has the extension *. Htm or *. Html. To transmit these files, the role of the specific data sending protocol is required, namely Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP). In addition, to find each hypertext relationship a Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is needed.

WWW is often misinterpreted as the internet as a whole, even though it is actually only part of the internet in a wider scope. In a way, WWW is the most interesting part of the internet today. Users can access various media such as images, sound, video, and animation through the WWW. By clicking on a link, internet users are able to move from one document page to another.

World Wide Web or often abbreviated as WWW is a system found on the internet and is tasked with conducting searches as well as providing fast information using hypertext technology. To create hypertext, a programming language called Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML) was created.

HTML functions to bind WWW addresses or files in a document that usually has the extension *. Htm or *. Html. To transmit these files, the role of the specific data sending protocol is required, namely Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP). In addition, to find each hypertext relationship a Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is needed.

WWW is often misinterpreted as the internet as a whole, even though it is actually only part of the internet in a wider scope. In a way, WWW is the most interesting part of the internet today. Users can access various media such as images, sound, video, and animation through the WWW. By clicking on a link, internet users are able to move from one document page to another.

2. Email

E-mails are electronic letters or messages sent and received between computer users. Email allows an individual to send messages to other individuals with a fast time, even in seconds. Currently the development of e-mail is very rapid, e-mail does not only contain text. We can attach multimedia files such as images, photos, videos and even animations.

Nowadays, email is as important as personal telephone numbers. Email is like an identification that must be shown in cyberspace in various places, such as if you want to subscribe to a particular website, create social media, as a very important communication tool. There are many e-mail services that can be used by internet users, ranging from Gmail which offers the advantage of large storage space to Yahoo Mail, AOL Mail or Windows Live Mail which has its own advantages.

3. Mailing List

Mailing List or often called a mailing list is one of the discussion groups found on the internet. To become a member of a mailing list, we first send an email to the subscription address and wait for approval from the moderator of the mailing list. Usually, members of the mailing list exchange information, opinions, and so forth.

There are two types of mailing lists, namely announcement-type lists whose communication types apply only in one direction and mailing list members cannot reply to the message, and discussion-type lists that each member can receive and send information among members.

Some examples of media that provide mailing list services are Yahoo with the address groups.yahoo.com and also Google with the address groups.google.com. Of course, to be able to follow information from a mailing list, users must first create an email account at the mailing list service provider.

4. BBS

Bulletin Board System or commonly abbreviated as BBS is an information service center that provides a variety of information from various fields such as education, business, social, technology and others. By using this facility, users can exchange ideas with other users on certain topics. Usually, users who access the BBS can easily upload or download news from other users.

Bulletin Board System, or in Indonesian terms known as the bulletin board system, experienced a period of peak popularity in 1970 to mid 1990. BBS is also a forerunner to the formation of WWW, which then over time there are fewer users because of the soaring WWW. Even so, now some users think BBS is still more efficient, more organized than WWW and some people are still loyal to use BBS for personal or business purposes.

5. Chat

Chatting is a conversation between two or more computer users in real time by utilizing the internet network. For computer users who have equipped their computer devices with a webcam, they can chat by looking at the faces of other users invited to chat.

With the development of the internet network, chat facilities are also increasingly facilitated. If in the past we needed to equip a large computer with a webcam for chatting and chatting, now the chat service is increasingly epidemic with the presence of various internet-supported applications, starting from Whatsapp, LINE, KakaoTalk which can be downloaded via a private smartphone. Every second, millions of people are now able to communicate with others through a computer screen or smartphone.

6. Newsgroups

Similar to mailing lists, newsgroups are also one of the discussion groups on the internet. To access a news group, it requires a special computer network called UseNet. Generally, each newsgroup is organized by one general topic which is then divided into several sub-topics below.

The most interesting thing about newsgroups is the grouping of topics discussed. This grouping is known as the "The Big Eight" hierarchy, which contains 8 main topics most discussed in newsgroups. For example, the comp. * Hierarchy is a sign for computer-themed discussions, sci. * For newsgroup signs with a discussion of science, rec. * For discussions with a theme of recreation (recreation).

7. FTP

FTP or File Transfer Protocol is an internet service that is used to transfer files between a computer user and a server on the internet. So, we can send (upload) or copy (download) a file between our computers with other computers connected to the internet network.

FTP is generally used as a vehicle that is needed for the exchange and dissemination of a file through the internet network. With this FTP, we can upload or download software, documents, music or other files easily.

To share data via FTP, two parties are needed, namely the FTP server and the FTP client. The FTP server functions to respond to commands submitted by FTP clients. When a client wants to change a file by downloading it, adding a file upload, or even deleting it, the client must first get approval from the FTP server. An FTP server can be accessed by using a URL format like: ftp: // servername.

8. Gopher

Gopher is a TCP / IP application layer protocol specifically designed for the purposes of distribution, searching, and retrieving documents over the internet. Initially, gopher was made to be an alternative choice besides the World Wide Web, but in its journey failed to reach popularity.

Almost similar to WWW, gopher is quite superior in a stronger hierarchy for the information stored in it. With this hierarchical structure, Gopher is specifically useful as a platform for electronic library connections. Today, Gopher is still used by some of his fans. Smaller servers still use Gopher and consider the system faster, more efficient and organized.


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